Category Archives: International Practice

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Petition To Confirm Arbitral Award Coupled with Relief For Indemnification and Attorney’s Fees

Related actions recently commenced in connection with an offshoot of the Madoff claims bears note for those interested in international dispute resolution practice.  We know of these issues because of the public nature of the filings made to confirm arbitral awards and for other relief. An investor commenced an arbitration against J. Ezra Merkin in … Continue Reading

Arbitration Award Upheld by Second Circuit — Manifest Disregard Challenge Available — Sort Of

Goldman Sachs Execution & Clearing, L.P., et al. v. The Official Unsecured Creditors’ Committee of Bayou Group, L.P., et al., 10-5049-cv (lead) (2d Cir. 2012) (summary order), provides a summary of several important legal principles governing international dispute resolution. Goldman Sachs began serving as the sole clearing broker for the hedge fund Bayou Fund in 1999 … Continue Reading

Seventh Circuit En Banc Affirms Denial of Motion To Dismiss Direct Purchase Antitrust Claims Against Potash Cartel Members: Foreign Trade Antitrust Improvements Act Clarified

Minn-Chem, Inc., et al. v. Agrium Inc., et al., No. 10-1712 (7th Cir. 2012) (en banc), is a decision of all the active sitting Judges of the United States Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit.  The Court addresses two issues of central importance to international litigation, especially in the antitrust context — from a … Continue Reading

New York’s Highest Court Dismisses Complaint By French Asset Management Firm Alleging Breach of Fiduciary Duty and Unlawful Interference with Contract

Oddo Asset Mgt. v. Barclays Bank PLC, et al., No. 126 (NY 2012), involves the application of state common law principles to an international transaction gone bad.   Two investment vehicles, SIV-Lites and Oddo Asset Management, were French asset management companies with over 350 institutional clients and investment of 16.6 billion Euros.  They purchased mezzanine notes … Continue Reading

New York’s Highest Court Affirms Dismissal of Suit In Deference to Philippines Sovereign Immunity

Osqugama Swezey v. Merrill Lynch, et al., No. 88 (NY 2012), is a decision of New York’s highest court on the issue of how to balance the claims of deserving litigants before the court and those of the absent non-U.S. sovereign.  The issue is one we have posted on previously (e.g., here) Merrilly Lynch brought an … Continue Reading

Vivendi Securities Case Tried, and Lost.

We have posted before on the class action securities case against Vivendi (e.g., here).  The recent trial involving the case is a lesson for international litigation practice.  Since our last posting, the defendants in the case sought to stay the trial pending Second Circuit review.  Because there was no vehicle to access appellate review, permission … Continue Reading

Courts Continue To Show Resistance To Maintaining Under Seal or In Confidence Documents and Information Used in Court Proceedings

We have posted previously on the growing reluctance of certain courts to maintain under seal the rulings of arbitral panels in international disputes (see, for example, here).  That poses challenges to parties trying to decide whether to initiate confirmation, enforcement, or vacatur proceedings.  Once the case is in court, however, there is no assurance that … Continue Reading

District Courts Show Reluctance To Precluding Non-U.S. Expert or Consultant Access To Even Highly Confidential Material Subject to U.S. Court Imposed Orders of Confidentiality/Protective Orders

In complex commercial litigation generally, the questions typically arise concerning who can review or have access to the confidential documents or data of the adversary.  In international litigation, those questions also include “where” parties can have such access.  If a non-U.S. person or entity breaches a confidentiality order entered by a U.S. court, where can … Continue Reading

Another District Court Distinguishes Norex and Finds “Extraterritorial” Jurisdiction Under RICO

We recently posted on the analysis of the extraterritoriality issue stemming from Morrison but applied to RICO claims (here).  In that case, involving Chevron and the proceeings pending in the Southern District of New York, the District Court here determined that the Second Cicruit’s decision in Norex Petroleum Ltd. v Access Indus., Inc., 631 F.3d … Continue Reading

U.S. Government Settles International “Trading with Enemy” Act Claims Against ING Bank

The U.S. government settled an international investigation and threatened prosecution against ING Bank N.V. in a case highlighting the international nature of modern banking as well as governmental investigations and regulatory enforcement.  The U.S. passed laws prohibiting trade with certain countries.  Two statutes embodying those prohibitions are the Trading with the Enemy Act and the … Continue Reading

Chevron Case Adds An Additional Venue, Canada; Plaintiffs Seek To Enforce Judgment There

A brief recap of where the parties are in this continuing saga.  After obtaining a judgment against Chevron Corp. (which bought assets directly or indirectly from Texaco, Inc. in 2001 and was treated as the successor in interest for environmental liabilities) of $8.646 billion, Ecuadorian plaintiffs (indigenous peoples in the Amazonian rain forest) sought enforcement of a  judgment in the … Continue Reading

ICSID Arbitration Ruling Decides Initial Jurisdictional Issues

Pacific Rim v El Salvador (ICSID Case No. ARB/09/12) is a recent decision by the International Centred for Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID).  The arbitration is brought under the Dominican Republic — Central America — United States Free Trade Agreement (CAFA) and Investment Law of El Salvador.  The dispute between the parties are Pac Rim’s claims against El Salvador … Continue Reading

New York Court Enforces Non-U.S. Judgment Under Uniform Money Judgment Act Without Analysis of Personal Jurisdiction Over the Defendant; Rejects Forum Non Conveniens Dismissal

Abu Dhabi Commercial Bank PJSC v. Saad Trading, Contracting & Financial Services Co., 652191/11 (Sup. Ct. N. Y. Cty. 2012), granted summary judgment in lieu of complaint — a streamlined and expeditious remedy — to domesticate and enforce a judgment from the U.K.  In the U.K. proceedings, the defendant initially appeared, did not contest jurisdiction, … Continue Reading

Federal Circuit Rejects Extraterritoriality Limitation for Certain Patent Claims

In our first posting (here) of Merial Limited, BASF Agro B.V. v. CIPLA Ltd., et al., Nos. 2011-1471, 1472 (Fed. Cir. 2012), we discuss the Court of Appeals ruling on Fed. R. Civ. P. 4(k)(2).  Here we address an equally important issue for the international practitioner:  the extraterritorial limits to a federal district court’s contempt … Continue Reading

Federal Circuit Softly Splits with Seventh, Ruling that a Defendant Cannot Consent to a Jurisdiction To Preclude Application of Fed. R. Civ. P. 4(k)(2)

Merial Limited, BASF Agro B.V. v. CIPLA Ltd., et al., Nos. 2011-1471, 1472 (Fed. Cir. 2012), a decision from the federal Court of Appeals level court with jurisdiction over patent appeals, deserves a read by international practitioners — at least the part of the decision that involves the discussion of service of process.  (There is another … Continue Reading

Federal Court of Appeals Affirms Dismissal of State Law Claim of Fraud By Combination of State Substantive Law Requirements and Federal Procedural Pleading Requirements

Stephenson v. PricewaterhouseCoopers (PWC), 11-1204-cv (2d Cir. 2012) (Summary Order), addresses the viability of claims against Canadian-organized PWC for fraud and negligence arising from PWC’s unqualified audit reports attensting to the accuracy of one of the “feeder funds” into Bernard Madoff Investment Securities, LLC, which, as the Second Circuit says, “was later revealed to be a … Continue Reading

Bankruptcy Court Refuses To Stay International Litigation Against Non-Debtor Subsidiaries Despite Express Statutory Language Giving It the Power, but Not the Obligation, To Do So

In re Vitro, S.A.B de C.V v. ACP Master, Ltd., et al., Case No. 11-33335-HDH-15 (N.D. Tex. 2011), is a decision by a bankruptcy court but contains discussion of the issue often arising in contentious international litigation:  attempts to enjoin proceedings in other countries in favor of proceedings in the U.S., or attempts to enjoin … Continue Reading

Third Circuit Affirms Use of General Venue Provision for International Crime Committed in Part In and Out of the U.S., Joining in the Circuit Split

U.S. v. Pendleton, No. 10-1818 (3d Cir. 2011), addresses in the criminal law context the issue of venue in an international matter.  The defendant was convicted of a crime in Germany, where all the criminal acts occurred.  He served 19 months in a German prison, returned to the U.S., and was arrested and indicted for … Continue Reading

Ninth Circuit Finds Carmack Amendment Precludes Arbitration Provisions

The Ninth Circuit’s decision in Smallwood v. Allied Van Lines, et al., No. 09-56714 (9th Cir. 2011), discusses the important interplay between federal law and private contracts containing arbitration clauses.  The topic arises frequently in international litigation. The plaintiff hired Allied to move some of his household goods from southern California to the United Arab … Continue Reading

District Court in Chevron v Donziger Upholds Many Claims, Including RICO Claim Against U.S. Lawyer, Despite Thus-far Valid Non-U.S. Judgment

Chevron Corp. v Steven Donziger, et al., 11 Civ. 0691 (LAK) (S.D.N.Y. 2012), is the District Court’s most recent order in the array of cases concerning the multibillion judgment enetered against Chevron in Ecuador.  We have posted on the matter, including with respect to the District Court’s original preliminary injunction, the Second Circuit’s reversal, and … Continue Reading

Court Refuses Challenge to FINRA Rule Barring Waivers of Class Actions, Ruling that Plaintiffs Must Exhaust Administrative Remedies

Charles Schwab & Co. v. Financial Industry Regulatory Authority, Inc., No. C-12-518 EDL (N.D. Cal. 2012), provides a new analysis in the growing body of law addressing the circumstances under which waivers of class action in arbitration provisions are valid.   As we have posted on, the Supreme Court has addressed the question whether such state … Continue Reading

Eleventh Circuit Reiterates and Applies Strict Rules for the Exercise of District Court Discretion in Deciding Forum Non Conveniens Motions

Steven Prophet v. International Lifestyles, Inc., No. 11-12046 (11th Cir. 2011), is a Court of Appeals articulation of an important issue in international litigation.  The issue arises in many contexts where district courts are given discretion.  In this case the underlying issue relates to the application of the doctrine of forum non conveniens.  District Courts are … Continue Reading

Second Circuit, in Matter of First Impression in that Circuit, Holds that non-U.S. Production or Use Does Not Trigger “First Sale Doctrine” Contained in the Copyright Act

In reporting on Omega S.A. v. Costco Wholesale Corp., 541 F.3d 982 (9th Cir. 2008), aff’d by an evenly divided Court, Costco Wholesale Corp v. Omega, S.A., 131 S.Ct. 565 (2010) — a Ninth Circuit decision affirmed by the U.S. Supreme Court by an evenly divided Court –we have previously posted on the important aspect of … Continue Reading
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